Zimbabwe

Country: Republic of Zimbabwe

Population: 13.8 million

Estimated prevalence among women aged 15-49:

Unknown.                                                

Type practised:

No official statistics have been made available, but it has been reported that the Ramba ethnic group practice FGC and it is claimed that this group practise infibulation (Type III).

Legal status:

Zimbabwe has no specific legislation regarding FGC, although the Domestic Violence Act of 2007 prohibits domestic abuse derived from any culture, including FGC.

History of FGC in Zimbabwe:

There are reports that women in Zimbabwe engage in the elongation of girls’ labia minora which is classified as Type IV FGC. However it is difficult to find concrete information on FGC in Zimbabwe. Please contact Orchid Project if you have any information regarding the history of FGC in Zimbabwe.

Current efforts to abandon FGC:

No concrete information. Please contact Orchid Project if you have any information regarding abandonment efforts in Zimbabwe.

Ongoing challenges:

A Zimbabwean Senator named Morgan Femai has publicly claimed that women should undergo FGC and shave their heads, stop bathing and deliberately make themselves look unattractive to curb the spread of HIV.

Femai also told a workshop organised in conjunction with the Nation Aids Council: “Women have got more moisture in their organs as compared to men so there is a need to research how to deal with that moisture, because it is conducive to bacteria breeding. There should be a way to suck out that moisture.”

Major ethnic groups:

Shona 82%

Ndebele 14%

Other 2%

Mixed and Asian 1%,

White <1%

Languages:

English (official)

Shona

Sindebele (sometimes called Ndebele)

Numerous minor tribal dialects

Major religions:

Syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%

Christian 25%

Indigenous beliefs 24%,

Islam and other 1%

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