Guinea

Country: Guinea

Population: 10.2 million

Estimated prevalence among women aged 15-49:

95.6% & 2.5 million women cut age 15+

Data Source MICS 2005
15 – 49 (%) 95.6
15 - 19 (%) 89.3
45 - 49 (%) 99.5
Urban (%) 93.9
Rural (%) 96.4
Lowest Region (%) 86.4
Highest Region (%) 99.8
Nicked, no flesh removed (%) 1.7
Flesh removed (%) 86.4
Sewn closed (%) 9.3
Traditionally performed (%) 88.7
Medically performed (%) 10.0
National law Illegal

PRB 2014

Type practised:

The most widely practiced form is Type IITypes I and III are also practised and Type IV is beginning to be practised by some families.

Legal status:

FGC is illegal under Article 265 of the Guinean Penal Code but no one has ever been brought to trial.

History of FGC in Guinea:

The Coordinating Body on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (CPTAFE) is a Guinean NGO established in 1988 that is recognized by the Guinean government. Together with the Guinean Head of State, the First Lady and other high-level government officials, working to ban FGC in Guinea.

Current efforts to abandon FGC:

CPTAFE produces films, seminars, leaflets, and training for religious leaders and educators as part of their FGC advocacy campaign. In 1997, the government initiated a 20 year strategy to eradicate FGC in collaboration with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Africa regional efforts. Moreover, one member of the Guinean Supreme Court is working with CPTAFE to insert a clause into the Guinean Constitution specifically prohibiting this practice, although this is yet to be ratified.

The UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on FGC is now active in Guinea, and is building up the capacities of the police to implement the law on FGC amongst other activities.

In Guinea, Tostan’s Community Empowerment Programme (CEP), which is a three-year, informal, rights-based education programme, has led to 528 communities publicly declaring abandonment of FGC.

Ongoing challenges:

Studies have shown that increased education amongst women does not reduce FGC prevalence rates, as FGC cuts across both the educated and uneducated sections of the population. At present, 69% of girls and women continue to support FGC, along with 53% of boys and men.

There is a clear trend towards the medicalisation of FGC in Guinea; FGC requires a multi-lateral approach to abandonment, which is beginning to emerge.

Practising ethnic groups:

Fula/Peul

Malinke

Soussou

Guerze

Toma

Nalou

Languages:

French (official)

Each ethnic groups has its own language

Major religions:

Islam 85%

Christian 8%

Indigenous beliefs 7%

In the news:

EurActiv.com - Despite long efforts, FGC rates in Guinea still rising

Daily Mail - FGC abandonment declarations taking place in 4 West African countries, including Guinea

British Red Cross - A Mapping Revolution That Is Saving Lives; Missing Maps is a volunteer-led project aiming at helping Red Cross teams in Moyenne-Guinée find their way around this remote region as part of a reproductive health-care programme.

UN Human Rights – FGC on the rise in Guinea despite, girls being cut at younger and younger ages

OHCHR - FGC in Guinea on the rise, 97 percent of women and girls aged 15 to 49 years have undergone procedure

UN News - FGC shows no sign of abating in Guinea

SMH - Woman and daughter flee estranged husband's family and Guinea to protect daughter from FGC

Reuters Africa - Muslim clerics call for ban on FGC due to the Ebola crisis

UNICEF - One girl's story of violence and female genital cutting reveals a commonplace nightmare

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